Water Scarcity Physical Scarcity: Occurs when natural water resources are insufficient to meet a region's demand.

Population Growth and Urbanization Increasing populations and rapid urbanization are putting immense pressure on existing water resources

Agricultural Demand Agriculture is the largest consumer of freshwater, accounting for about 70% of global withdrawals

Climate Change · Climate change exacerbates water scarcity by altering precipitation patterns, increasing the frequency and severity of droughts, and accelerating glacier melt, which affects river flows.

Pollution · Industrial waste, agricultural runoff, and untreated sewage contaminate water bodies, making water unsafe for human consumption and harming ecosystems.

Infrastructure Issue In many regions, outdated or inadequate water infrastructure leads to significant water loss through leaks and inefficiencies